Essay on Keynesian Economics:
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. In general, classical economists would like to see the government stay out of the economy, and try to influence it as little as possible.
Keynesian economists, who follow the philosophy of famous economist John Maynard Keynes, by contrast, do not strongly advocate for a position. Those that follow this policy generally believe in strong fiscal policy, and a central banking system that can help to improve national economies.
One of the areas of difference deals with monetary policy. The Keynesian economists believe that demand is very much influenced by government decisions, both at the federal level and lower levels.
In other words, Keynesians believe governments do and should influence the business cycle. Another big difference between classical and Keynesian economics deals with the outlook each one has concerning the future.
Classical economists tend to be more focused on long-term results. Keynesians, on the other hand, tend to be focused on shorter-term problems that they believe may need immediate attention.
Those subscribing to the Keynesian philosophy tend to believe that short-term problems are not easily correctable, and will therefore influence the long-term outlook. Inflation and unemployment are also big differences between the two. Keynesians tend to be more concerned with unemployment than inflation.
Classical economists, while concerned about unemployment to a certain extent, tend to be more concerned with inflationary pressures, believing inflation can be a bigger danger to the economy over the long term.
Pricing is another difference between the theories. Keynesian economists believe that pricing is basically rigid, and that those responsible for setting prices do not have a big range from which to choose.
Therefore, shortages and surpluses result periodically as consumers change habits in the wake of rigid prices. Classical economists believe there is more flexibility regarding pricing, and that shortages and surpluses can be easily corrected.
Classical economists do not have much faith in the government to set positive trends, and therefore believe that government influence in the marketplace is usually bad. Keynesians believe that the marketplace likely will not make corrections by itself in an efficient manner.
That causes the need for government intervention to help direct the economy. One of the key figures of the Scottish Enlightenment, Smith is best known for two classic works: More essays like this:Insofar as Keynes’ treatment of classical economics is concerned, Keynes’ discussion of Ricardo and Say’s law, on the one hand, and Malthus’ concern with the possibility of the inadequacy of aggregate demand, on the other constitutes important contributions to the history of economic thought.
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