JULY 13, No poem of mine was composed under circumstances more pleasant for me to remember than this. I began it upon leaving Tintern, after crossing the Wye, and concluded it just as I was entering Bristol in the evening, after a ramble of four or five days, with my Sister. Not a line of it was altered, and not any part of it written down till I reached Bristol. It was published almost immediately after in the little volume of which so much has been said in these Notes.
Emotion, Imagination and Complexity The 19th century was heralded by a major shift in the conception and emphasis of literary art and, specifically, poetry. During the 18th century the catchphrase of literature and art was reason. Logic and rationality took precedence in any form of written expression.
Ideas of validity and aesthetic beauty were centered around concepts such as the collective "we" and the eradication of passion in human behavior. In all of those ideas about literature were challenged by the publication of Lyrical Ballads, which featured the poetry of William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge.
Wordsworth and Coleridge both had strong, and sometimes conflicting, opinions about what constituted well-written poetry. Their ideas were centered around the origins of poetry in the poet and the role of poetry in the world, and these theoretical concepts led to the creation of poetry that is sufficiently complex to support a wide variety of critical readings in a modern context.
Wordsworth wrote a preface to Lyrical Ballads in which he puts forth his ideas about poetry. His conception of poetry hinges on three major premises.
Wordsworth asserts that poetry is the language of the common man: To this knowledge which all men carry about with them, and to these sympathies in which without any other discipline than that of our daily life we are fitted to take delight, the poet principally directs his attention.
Wordsworth eschews the use of lofty, poetic diction, which in his mind is not related to the language of real life. He sees poetry as acting like Nature, which touches all living things and inspires and delights them. Wordsworth calls for poetry to be written in the language of the "common man," and the subjects of the poems should also be accessible to all individuals regardless of class or position.
Wordsworth also makes the points that "poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings: These two points form the basis for Wordsworth's explanation of the process of writing poetry.
First, some experience triggers a transcendent moment, an instance of the sublime. The senses are overwhelmed by this experience; the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" leaves an individual incapable of articulating the true nature and beauty of the event.
It is only when this emotion is "recollected in tranquility" that the poet can assemble words to do the instance justice. It is necessary for the poet to have a certain personal distance from the event or experience being described that he can compose a poem that conveys to the reader the same experience of sublimity.
With this distance the poet can reconstruct the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" the experience caused within himself. Wordsworth's critical ideas are manifested in his writing.
He uses the language and subjects of the common man to convey his ideas. These lines show that Wordsworth places little stock in the benefit of education or institutionalized wisdom.
He implies that any person with exposure to Nature can learn the secrets of the world, regardless of social or economic considerations. In "I wandered lonely as a cloud," Wordsworth uses the sonnet form to express his ideas about poetry being the spontaneous overflow of emotion recollected in tranquility: For oft when on my couch I lie In vacant or in pensive mood, They flash upon that inward eye Which is the bliss of solitude; And then my heart with pleasure fills, And dances with the daffodils.
In the poem he meditates on the stars and the light bouncing off waves on the water. He is unable to truly comprehend the beauty and importance of the experience until he is resting afterward, and he is able to reconstruct the event in his mind. This remembrance brings him a wave of emotion, and it is out of this second flood of feeling that the poem is born.
In Wordsworth's poetry, these ebbs of emotion are spurred on by his interaction with Nature. Indeed, Wordsworth is continually inspired and led into transcendent moments by his experiences in Nature.
These experiences bring to his mind a wide variety of contemplations and considerations that can only be expressed, as he writes in "Expostulation and Reply," in "a wise passiveness" Get an answer for 'Comparative analysis of Wordsworth & Coleridge in poetry?' and find homework help for other Samuel Taylor Coleridge questions at eNotes.
Samuel Taylor Coleridge - Poet - Samuel Taylor Coleridge, In Coleridge befriended William Wordsworth, who greatly influenced Coleridge's verse. Coleridge, whose early work was celebratory and conventional, began writing in a more natural style.
The collection is considered the first great work of the Romantic school of poetry and. Samuel Taylor Coleridge is the premier poet-critic of modern English tradition, distinguished for the scope and influence of his thinking about literature as much as for his innovative verse.
nor has Wordsworth’s poetry of the kind ever been described as conversational. Yet the term has come to stand for Coleridge’s decisive innovation.
A summary of “Kubla Khan” in Samuel Taylor Coleridge's Coleridge’s Poetry. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Coleridge’s Poetry and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans.
William Wordsworth, (born April 7, , Cockermouth, Cumberland, England—died April 23, , Rydal Mount, Westmorland), English poet whose Lyrical Ballads (), written with Samuel Taylor Coleridge, helped launch the English Romantic movement.
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