Abstract Background The Department of Veterans Affairs implemented an active surveillance program for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus MRSA in in which acute care inpatients are tested for MRSA carriage on admission, unit-to-unit transfer, and discharge.
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract To evaluate the bacterial colonization and associated risk factors in patients with bronchiectasis.
A total of patients followed at the Bronchiectasis Unit, between and and diagnosed as having noncystic fibrosis bronchiectasis with high resolution computed tomography or multi-slice computed tomography were included in this retrospective study.
The following definition of colonization was used for study purposes: Detection of at least two isolates of an organism separated by at least 3 months in a year.
Mean age was Mean duration of illness was The following factors have been found to be associated with colonization in patients with bronchiectasis: Bacterial colonization, bronchiectasis, risk factors The lower airways in patients with bronchiectasis are often colonized with pathogenic microorganisms, which are associated with pulmonary infections and secretion of inflammatory mediators that can lead to progressive tissue damage and airway obstruction.
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the bacterial colonization and associated factors in patients with bronchiectasis. Methods A total of patients followed at the Bronchiectasis Unit, Department of Pulmonology, Cerrahpasa Medical School between and and diagnosed as having noncystic fibrosis CF bronchiectasis with high resolution computed tomography HRCT or multi-slice computed tomography CT were included in this retrospective study.
Study design This study setting was an outpatient clinic specializing in bronchiectasis where HRCT or multi-slice CT, in addition to sputum cultures, is routinely performed in patients with bronchiectasis.
Patient data for a total of participants was evaluated retrospectively.
Possible risk factors for colonization age, gender, age at the etiologic factor onset and the symptoms onset, duration of the etiologic factors and symptoms, follow-up period, having symptoms, smoking history, etiology of bronchiectasis, type of bronchiectasis, localization of bronchiectasis, number of lobes with bronchiectasis, pulmonary functions and the treatment including antibiotics, inhaled corticosteroids, inhaled long acting beta-2 agonists, inhaled anticholinergics, and oral N-acetyl cysteine were evaluated.
Clinical assessments Age, gender, status and duration of the etiologic factor and symptoms were evaluated. In the presence of symptoms such as purulent sputum which are strongly suggestive for bronchiectasis, the date on which symptoms emerged was used as the disease onset; in the absence of symptoms, the date of the first radiologic detection of bronchiectasis was used as the disease onset.
A patient was considered smoker if he or she was smoking daily at least for 1 year. Smoking was quantified in terms of pack-year. Radiological evaluation All patients underwent an HRCT or CT imaging to determine the type bronchiectasis cystic, varicose, or cylindrical and the total number of lobes involved.
Gram and Ehrlich Ziehl—Neelsen staining were routinely performed. Bacterial colonization was defined as the detection of at least two isolates of an organism separated by at least 3 months in a year.
Patients with no pathogens isolated in sputum samples were considered to have no bacterial colonization.
Treatment The previous and ongoing treatment and drug dose including antibiotics, inhaled corticosteroids, inhaled long acting beta-2 agonists, inhaled anticholinergics, and oral N-acetyl cysteine are investigated and recorded. Furthermore, the type and duration of antibiotic treatments before colonization were recorded in detail.
Statistical analyses SPSS software version Continuous variables were compared using Student's t-test or Mann-Whitney U-test depending on the distribution of data, and categorical variables were compared using Chi-square test.
Mean duration of disease was Patient characteristics are shown in Table 1.The history of the world, in common parlance, is the history of humanity Writing made the administration of a large state far easier. Transport was facilitated by waterways—by rivers and seas.
judicious analysis of native oral traditions, colonial ethnography, archaeology. The median number of days until acquisition of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) in relation to the "colonization pressure" (prevalence) and the use of third-generation cephalosporins.
Laws’ and Archie’s  presention of a very illustrative (biological) example of the pitfalls of using the model-I regression when a model-II regression is required.
Sokal’s and Rohlf’s  textbook “Biometry” where the issues of model-I vs model-II regression are discussed in great detail. Nov 11, · Risk of Group B streptococcus (GBS) colonization in pregnant women ( weeks) in Korea () by using a multiple logistic regression model (n=1,) DISCUSSION Among 2, pregnant Korean women screened between weeks gestation, GBS colonization was significantly higher in the first pregnancy, and in one hospital.
Free Genealogy» History of Liberia» Historic Significance of Colonization – Liberia History. Historic Significance of Colonization – Liberia History “Whereas the Maryland State Colonization Society desires to hasten as far as they can the period when slavery shall cease to exist in Maryland, and believing that this can best be.
Jun 17, · The stepwise logistic regression analysis showed a significant association between colonization and a low percentage of forced vital capacity (FVC%) and the presence of cystic bronchiectasis (P.