Morality and punishment of criminals essay

Capital Punishment Essays We help students write stand-out argumentative and persuasive essays related to capital punishment essays. This blog contains helpful and easy to understand tips and pointers on how to write impressive capital punishment essays. These moral principles are the foundation of capital punishment. For centuries, the laws of many states adhere to and enforce capital punishment as a deterrent against heinous crimes.

Morality and punishment of criminals essay

None other than the principle of equality in the movement of the pointer of the scale of justice, the principle of not inclining to one side more than to the other.

Thus any undeserved evil which you do to someone else among the people is an evil done to yourself. If you rob him, you rob yourself; if you slander him, you slander yourself; if you strike him, you strike yourself; and if you kill him, you kill yourself.

Moral Permissibility of Punishment | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Stephen Nathanson is a pro-life proponents who firmly asserts that just deserts or capital punishment is morally impermissible.

As Nathanson puts it, determination of which just deserts should be cast upon a criminal is a Herculean task because no one can know exactly what is rightly due to the crime committed by the criminal. On legal system, the judges are picked randomly, which is not a problem at all, but the point here is the arbitrariness on how they will evaluate a certain case, especially on the case of death penalty.

Conversely, Jeffrey Reiman sees the validity of espousing death penalty but on a certain degree only. Second, death penalty is a good means of deterring criminals but it does not ensure our society on the deterrence future criminals.

Morality and punishment of criminals essay

Third, prohibition of death penalty may increase crime rate but it can reduce cruelty percentage and may either result to chaos due to tolerance or human civilization. And lastly, death penalty is definitely a just punishment to specific forms of crime, but its arbitrary nature endangers every individual because of its discriminatory execution.

Hence, death penalty will be effectively just if such arbitrariness is defined. In order to elucidate concisely the mechanism of capital punishment, it is of necessity to define the term punishment to outline clearly what is the property of such word and how it applies to capital punishment.

Punishment is an evil inflicted by a person in a position of authority upon another person who is judged to have violated a rule. First, when evil is being done to injure and jeopardize others then punishment must be executed to curtail its presents and its future possibilities.

Second, if someone violates someone either on legal or moral grounds then punishment is admissible. Third, the violator must be proven guilty before punishment can be done. And fifth, punishment is admissible if it is enforced by higher authority. It must be noted that all illegal or criminal acts are punishable but not all immoral acts are likely to be punishable.

In the presence of evil, the question of what qualifies an act as evil or not is a significant question because the failure of qualifying it brings much arbitrariness in the espousal of capital punishment.

The legality or morality of an evil act should also be defined clearly because there are legal statutes that are considered immoral like capital punishment but since it is a law, capital punishment becomes legally valid.

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The legal context has been bombarded by moralists specifically the pro-life advocators because they deem that laws must have moral basis. Below are the most prominent discussion within the mechanism of capital punishment. The Issue of Deterrence A fundamental assumption of the criminal law is that punishing criminals discourages other potential offenders from committing crime.

This is known as general deterrence.

Morality and punishment of criminals essay

A key question is whether the death penalty is more effective as a crime preventative than less harsh punishments such as life in prison —what may be called the marginal deterrence benefit.

Proponents of capital punishment contend that deterrence is based on fear and that, since death is feared the most among constitutionally permissible punishments—torture unto death being prohibitedit will deter the best.

Opponents counter that murder is often an impulsive act and that killers do not think about punishment before committing their crimes. Consequently, they argue, those who engage in murder are singularly unlikely to be deterred by the threat of execution.

Proponents respond that perhaps some killers cannot be deterred but other would-be murderers can be, and that justifies the most effective deterrence. Abolitionists question the assumption that death sentences are better deterrents than, say, life without parole. Their adversaries point out that although there is scant proof that longer prison sentences deter more than shorter ones, a fundamental premise of the criminal justice system is that harsher sentences deter more, and this same assumption supports the ultimate penalty van den Haag and Conrad Last, those opposed to the death penalty doubt that much deterrence is possible when so few executions actually take place.

Death penalty advocates do not necessarily disagree, but of course their solution is to increase the numbers. The major social science studies of deterrence were done by Isaac Ehrlich a, b and Thorsten Sellin Sellin, who compared murder rates in states with and without a death penalty, concluded that there was no deterrent effect, but Ehrlich, using econometrics, found that each execution in the United States, from todeterred eight murders.

At least two social scientists have claimed that the death penalty has a reverse deterrent, or brutalization, effect; that is, that the number of murders actually increases after each execution Bowers and Pierce The enforcement of stricter capital punishment could cleanse society’s streets, hearts, and minds of the filth and hardships forced upon it by criminals.

Morality and Punishment of Criminals. British law states that it is he who bares responsibility for the transgression committed who must be reprimanded. Death Penalty Essay - The Morality of Capital Punishment. My Account. The Morality of Capital Punishment Essay. The Morality of Capital Punishment Essay The use of this punishment has helped to reduce crime and alter the minds of future criminals to deter them against committing heinous crimes such as murder, treason, espionage, terrorism. Morality and Punishment of Criminals Essay Morality and Punishment of Criminals. British law states that it is he who bares responsibility for the transgression committed who must be reprimanded.

Several countries such as China, Saudi Arabia, and Japan have retained this process of executing criminals. The Morality of Capital Punishment Essay The Morality of Capital Punishment We find ourselves at a moment when considerable national attention is being given to the morality of capital punishment, so let's discuss it in detail in this essay.

Morality and the Death Penalty Essay Sample.

In this paper, the two sides of the issue of the death penalty, pro and con, as well as the morality of the topic will be discussed. Morality and Punishment of Criminals Essay Morality and Punishment of Criminals.

British law states that it is he who bares responsibility for the transgression committed who must be reprimanded. The Debate Over the Morality of the Death Penalty Essay Words | 8 Pages.

over the morality of the death penalty are vast, the bottom line is that the death penalty does not disregard human life, but rather it reveres it, as Hatch said. The Morality of Capital Punishment Essay - The Morality of Capital Punishment We find ourselves at a moment when considerable national attention is being given to the morality of capital punishment, so let's discuss it in detail in this essay.

Morality and the Death Penalty | Essay Example