O my great Lord keep me from sinking down. When we celebrate American freedom, we must also be mindful of the long and painful struggle to share in those freedoms that faced and continue to face generations of African Americans. To understand the present, we must look to the past. A painting depicts George Washington and workers on his plantation.
Life during the s in America was already difficult for many people. Of course there were rich factory owners in the North and plantation owners in the South, but the average farmer and his family worked extremely hard just to survive. When the Civil War started, living conditions became even more difficult for the average American.
Many of the men joined the army or were drafted. The women were left at home to work the farm or to find jobs and support the family on their own. Poor Men Went to War Many poor men thought that fighting in the army was an opportunity for adventure and excitement.
This seemed much better than the drudgery of the hard work of everyday life. They soon found out that war was both boring and terrifying.
Both sides of the war eventually instituted a draft. This was when men were randomly chosen to enter the army whether they wanted to or not. However, the rich were able to legally avoid the draft.
Women at Home With so many men gone to war, women had to take up new jobs.
They worked the fields on farms and at factories producing goods for the armies. Some women served as nurses in the army, helping wounded soldiers recover. Women had to work very hard to provide for their families. Often not only their husbands were at war, but also their older sons and fathers.
The Union had blockaded many of the ports of the South, causing shortages of food and other items that people needed. Also, most of the war took place in the South.
Families lived in constant fear of getting overrun by an army. When General Sherman took the Union army from Atlanta to Savannah he burned and destroyed much of the land and farms along the way.
It was a scary time. A Refugee Family from the National Archives Children in the Army Although the Union army required that soldiers be at least 18 years old, many of the soldiers were under Young boys often joined the army as drummer boys or bugle boys.
They also helped to do chores around the army campsites.
One ten year old boy named Johnny Clem became famous when he put down his drum during the Battle of Shiloh, picked up a gun, and shot a colonel of the Confederate army.
A lot of what they learned was propaganda aimed at instilling patriotism towards either the Union or the Confederacy.
Many groups worked to raise money for the armies and hospitals. Women and children held fairs and fundraising events and prepared care packages for soldiers they knew.
Newspapers were popular on the home front during the war as people hoped to find out news of loved ones who were in the army. There were riots in New York City in over the unfairness of the draft towards poor people.
By the end of the riots people had died. People in the South became so hungry there was a Bread Riot in Richmond, Virginia where people protested the lack of food. There were around 30 million people living in the United States during the Civil War, 21 million in the North and 9 million in the South.
Of these, over 3 million fought as soldiers in the war, 2. Activities Take a ten question quiz about this page.
Listen to a recorded reading of this page: Your browser does not support the audio element.In his book, Army Life: A Private’s Reminiscences of the Civil War, Theodore Gerrish recalls a time spent too long in camp and writes, “One of the most disastrous features of the gloomy situation was the terrible sickness of the soldiers men were unused to the climate, the exposure, and the food, so that the whole experience was in direct.
The Lebanese Civil War (Arabic: الحرب الأهلية اللبنانية – Al-Ḥarb al-Ahliyyah al-Libnāniyyah) was a multifaceted civil war in Lebanon, lasting from to and resulting in an estimated , fatalities.
As of , approximately 76, people remain displaced within Lebanon. There was also an exodus of almost one million people from Lebanon as a result of. Most of the fighting during the American Civil War took place on Southern soil.
In part, this was the result of the war strategies of both sides. To win the war, the South had only to survive. On the other hand, for the North to win, the Union had to be restored.
Thus, Union forces had to conquer. Mar 21, · Civil War culture in America–both North and South–was greatly distinct from life in the antebellum years. As the war dragged on, the soldier’s life was one of near-constant hardship and. In the decades before the Civil War, northern and southern development followed increasingly different paths.
By , the North contained 50 percent more people than the South. It was more urbanized and attracted many more European immigrants. Following the Civil War, the era of Reconstruction was a difficult time for Southerners.
Their land was destroyed, their political institutions were overrun by outsiders, the economy was in.